Vice President of India

How vice president of India is elected ?

The vice president is elected indirectly with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. He is elected by an electoral college consisting of both the houses of parliament i.e Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

He is eligible to contest the elections any number of times. In other words he can be reappointed as vice president any number of times if he wins the election.

How election of vice president is different in regard to presidential election in India ?

President Vice President
Consists of members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Legislative Assemblies. Consists of members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha only.
Only elected members of Parliament can take part in election of President. Both Elected and Nominated members of Parliament can take part in election.

What qualifications are required to become vice president of India ?

1. Should be a citizen of India

2. Must have completed 35 years of age.

3. Should not hold any office of profit.

However there is an exception to this, the sitting President / Vice President of union , Governor of any state , minister of union/ state are eligible to contest elections of vice president despite holding office of profit.

4. Should be qualified for election of Rajya Sabha

What are the powers conferred to vice president of India ?

1. The vice President of India acts as the ex officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha. As speaker is to Lok sabha, The vice president is to the Rajya Sabha.

2. He acts as president of India in case of any vacancy arising in the office of President due to death/ removal/ resignation or otherwise. He can act as president for a term of 6 months within a new president has to be elected by the electoral college as discussed earlier in the article of the President of India.

As it is evident that, not much powers are vested in the office of vice president of India, the main purpose to create such office in our constitution is to ensure political continuity of Indian State which has already been explained.

What is the term of office of vice president of India ?

The vice president of India holds office for a tenure of 5 years. However he may resign from the office by writing the resignation letter to President of India.

If his office fails vacant due to resignation/ removal/ death or otherwise, fresh elections to fill the vacancy must be created as soon as possible.

The newly elected vice President will serve for the full term of 5 years from the date he assumes his charge.

How vice president of India can be removed from his office ?

No formal procedure of Impeachment is required to remove the Vice President of India unlike the President of India.

He can be removed by passing a resolution in Rajya Sabha by absolute majority and agreed upon by Lok Sabha.

An advance notice of at least 14 days must be given before passing such resolution.

Currently Mr. Hamid Ansari is the honarable Vice President of India.



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