In this article, we shall discuss the important points of Human Development Index 2013 released recently.
What is the Ranking of India in the recently released Human Development Index 2013 ?
India has been ranked 136 among 187 countries evaluated for human development index 2013 (HDI) ,a composite measure for assessing average achievement in achieving three basic dimensions of human development- a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living or gross per capita income.
The Human Development Report of The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for 2013, puts India’s HDI value for the last year at 0.554, an increase of 61 % between 1980(0.345) and 2012, placing it in the medium human development category.
Life expectancy at birth increased by 10.5 years. Life expectancy at birth refers to number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing pattern of age specific mortality rate at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.
Mean years of schooling increased by 2.5 yrs which refers to average number of years of education received by people aged 25 and older converted from educational attainment levels using official duration of each level.
Expected years of schooling increased by 4.4 yrs which refers to number of years of schooling that a child of school entrant age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age- specific enrollment rate persist throughout the child’s life.
Standard of Living
Gross National Income per capita went up 273 %. Gross National Income per capita refers to aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the income paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using PPP rates divided by the mid year population.
Pat for India
India has been applauded by the Report for the initiatives of Right to Education and Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. This job guarantee scheme is promising as it provides access to income and some insurance for the poor against the vagaries of seasonal work and helps the poor to gain self respect and empowerment.