Flood is a natural hazard which occurs in response to heavy rainfall and it becomes a disaster when it creates heavy loss to life and property.
Causes of Flood
A combination of unfavourable meteorological and physical factors working together leads to a serious flood situation resulting in a disaster.
Following are the major causes of flood in India.
a) Heavy rainfall
b) Cloud burst (for details Click Here)
2) Physical factors
a) Inadequate drainage arrangements
b) Large Catchment area
3) Human factors
b) Bursting of dams
c) Faulty irrigation practices
d) Faulty agricultural practices
Effects of floods
1-The most damaging effect of flood is the widespread loss of life and property.
2-Damage to Crops
3- Cattle loss
4- Dislocation of transport system
5- Disruption of essential services
6- Breakdown of communication
Now a Days, Floods are becoming more furious and devastating due to ecological degradation. Moreover ,flood plains are increasingly being inhabited by the people due to increasing population,which has led to widespread damage to life and property during floods.
Flood Prone Areas
|The Ganga River Region
||U.P, Bihar, West Bengal
||Ganga,Yamuna, Gomti, gandak, Kosi, Ghaghra, Sharda, Son etc
|The Brahmaputra River Region
||Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
||Brahmaputra and its Tributaries
|The North West rivers Region
||Punjab, Haryana, j & K, Himachal Pradesh
||Satluj, Baes, Ghaggar, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum etc
|The Central India and Deccan Region
||Andhra Pradesh , Orissa, Kerela
||Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarni Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Narmada, Tapi etc
For Flood Disaster Management CLICK HERE