Flood is a natural hazard which occurs in response to heavy rainfall and it becomes a disaster when it creates heavy loss to life and property.

Causes of Flood

A combination of unfavourable meteorological and physical factors working together leads to a serious flood situation resulting in a disaster.

Following are the major causes of flood in India.

1-Meteorological Factors

a) Heavy rainfall

b) Cloud burst (for details Click Here)

c) Cyclones

2) Physical factors

a) Inadequate drainage arrangements

b) Large Catchment area

3) Human factors

a) Deforestation

b) Bursting of dams

c) Faulty irrigation practices

d) Faulty agricultural practices

e) Siltation

Effects of floods

1-The most damaging effect of flood is the widespread loss of life and property.

2-Damage to Crops

3- Cattle loss

4- Dislocation of transport system

5- Disruption of essential services

6- Breakdown of communication

Now a Days, Floods are becoming more furious and devastating due to ecological degradation. Moreover ,flood plains are increasingly being inhabited by the people due to increasing population,which has led to widespread damage to life and property during floods.

Flood Prone Areas

River System Areas Affected Major Rivers
The Ganga River Region U.P, Bihar, West Bengal Ganga,Yamuna, Gomti, gandak, Kosi, Ghaghra, Sharda, Son etc
The Brahmaputra River Region Assam, Arunachal Pradesh Brahmaputra and its Tributaries
The North West rivers Region Punjab, Haryana, j & K, Himachal Pradesh Satluj, Baes, Ghaggar, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum etc
The Central India and Deccan Region Andhra Pradesh , Orissa, Kerela Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarni Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Narmada, Tapi etc

For Flood Disaster Management CLICK HERE



  1. By Ashima


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