Constellations

We see thousands of stars on a clear moonless night and some of these stars are arranged in groups or patterns. The stars which appear in the form of closed groups and form recognizable shapes and patterns are known as Constellations.

The Indian name for the constellations is “Nakshatras”.About Constellations are known. Each constellation has been assigned a name signifying an animal, a human being or some other object which it appears to resemble.

Some of the important constellations are:

1- Ursa Major ( Great Bear)…………………………………..”Saptarishi”

2- Ursa Minor (Little bear)……………………………………..”Laghu Saptarishi” or “Dhruva Matsaya”

3- Scorpio…………………………………………………………..”Vrishchika”

4- Orion (Hunter)…………………………………………………….”Vyadha” or “Mirga”

We shall now describe these constellations in brief one by one.

Ursa Major

The great bear constellation reminds us of a large ladle or a question mark studded in the sky. It is called great bear because its stars are arranged in such a way that they also seem to form the outline of a big bear or great bear. This constellation consists of seven bright stars arranged in a definite pattern.It can be seen clearly in April in Summer Season in Northern part of sky at night.

Ursa Minor

The arrangement of stars in Ursa Minor is similar to those in Ursa Major, the only difference being that the stars in Ursa Minor are closer together and appear to form the outline of little bear.The stars of Ursa Minor are less bright than those of Ursa Major.At the end of the tail of Ursa Minor is a very Imp Star of average brightness which is called Pole Star.The Pole Star appears to be stationary in the sky.This Constellation can be seen in the Northern Part of sky in July during the summer season.

Scorpio Constellation

This constellation closely resembles a Scorpion complete with tail and Pincers.This constellation is usually visible in the summer season.

Orion Constellation

The arrangement of stars in Orion Constellation is supposed to resemble a hunting man.The Constellation is visible in Winter Season.

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