Biosphere Reserves of India

Biosphere reserves of India are the natural ecosystem located at beautiful places in India.Now first let us know what are Biosphere Reserves.

Biosphere Reserves are the areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystem promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with sustainable use.

The origin of Biosphere Reserve goes to the “Biosphere Conference” organised by UNESCO in 1968. The conference resulted into launching of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme in 1970.

Biosphere Reserves of India

Here we are providing the list of seventeen Biosphere reserves of India

Name ( Year)

State

Type

Great Rann of Kuchchh (2008)

Gujarat

Desert

Gulf of Mannar (1989)

Tamil Nadu

Coasts

Sundarbans (1989)

West Bengal

Gangetic Delta

Cold Desert (2009)

Himachal Pradesh

Western Himalayas

Nanda Devi (1988)

Uttarakhand

West Himalayas

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986)

Tamil Nadu, Kerela & Karnataka

Western Ghats

Dehang- debang (1998)

Arunachal Pradesh

East Himalayas

Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve(1999)

Madhya Pradesh

Semi- Arid

Seshachalam Hill ( 2010)

Andhra Pradesh

Eastern Ghat

Simlipal (1994)

Odisha

Deccan Peninsula

Amarkantak (2005)

Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh

Maikala range

Manas ( 1989)

Assam

East Himalayas

Kanchenjunga (2000)

Sikkim

East Himalayas

Agasthyamalai Biosphere reserve (2001)

Kerela

Western Ghat

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve (1989)

Andaman & Nicobar Island

Island

Nokrek ( 1988)

Meghalaya

East Himalayas

Dibru (1997)

Assam

East Himalayas

Seven of the seventeen biosphere reserves are part of World Network Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme list. They are:-

1. Nilgiri Biosphere reserve (2000)

2. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve ( 2001)

3. Sundarbans ( 2001)

4. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (2004)

5. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve (2009)

6. Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve ( 2009)

7. Simlipal Biosphere Reserve (2009)

 

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