Biosphere Reserves of India

Biosphere reserves of India are the natural ecosystem located at beautiful places in India.Now first let us know what are Biosphere Reserves.

Biosphere Reserves are the areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystem promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with sustainable use.

The origin of Biosphere Reserve goes to the “Biosphere Conference” organised by UNESCO in 1968. The conference resulted into launching of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme in 1970.

Biosphere Reserves of India

Here we are providing the list of seventeen Biosphere reserves of India

Name ( Year)



Great Rann of Kuchchh (2008)



Gulf of Mannar (1989)

Tamil Nadu


Sundarbans (1989)

West Bengal

Gangetic Delta

Cold Desert (2009)

Himachal Pradesh

Western Himalayas

Nanda Devi (1988)


West Himalayas

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986)

Tamil Nadu, Kerela & Karnataka

Western Ghats

Dehang- debang (1998)

Arunachal Pradesh

East Himalayas

Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve(1999)

Madhya Pradesh

Semi- Arid

Seshachalam Hill ( 2010)

Andhra Pradesh

Eastern Ghat

Simlipal (1994)


Deccan Peninsula

Amarkantak (2005)

Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh

Maikala range

Manas ( 1989)


East Himalayas

Kanchenjunga (2000)


East Himalayas

Agasthyamalai Biosphere reserve (2001)


Western Ghat

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve (1989)

Andaman & Nicobar Island


Nokrek ( 1988)


East Himalayas

Dibru (1997)


East Himalayas

Seven of the seventeen biosphere reserves are part of World Network Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme list. They are:-

1. Nilgiri Biosphere reserve (2000)

2. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve ( 2001)

3. Sundarbans ( 2001)

4. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (2004)

5. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve (2009)

6. Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve ( 2009)

7. Simlipal Biosphere Reserve (2009)


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